What You Should Know About The Volkswagen Scandal

German automaker giant Volkswagen is under pressure to refit its newer cars after the discovery of an intricately designed software device intended to defeat emissions tests. The controversy has caused the car company to lose $28 billion worth of market value in just one week. Apart from this decline, the refitting itself would cost the company more than $6.5 billion. The international scandal impacted the car market so hard that Martin Winterkorn decided to step down just days after the revelation.

The “defeat device” enables the car to sense that it is under an emissions test, allowing it to make certain adjustments to meet emissions standards. But how is it possible? The software analyzes factors that would tell whether the car is driving in road condition or it is being tested. These factors include the position of the steering wheel, the duration of the engine operation, the barometric pressure, and the speed.

The trick begins once the car senses that it is being tested. During an emissions test, the car will switch to “dyno calibration,” where it will use a rich mixture for combustion. You might think that a rich mixture produces more unburned fuel and pollutants, which will definitely fail any emissions test. But because Volkswagen cars are equipped with NOx adsorbers (also called NOx trap or LNT), whose trapping capacity is enhanced with unburned fuel, a rich mixture fuel is what they need to pass the test.

On the other hand, during normal conditions, the affected Volkswagen cars will drive using a leaner mixture. Now, a study proposed by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) found that during regular operations, the car emits up to 40 times above the emissions standards. This is because leaner mixtures now only pass through the exhaust’s NOx adsorber (i.e. not trap it), allowing high levels of NOx gases to be released freely in the air.

If you’re a Volkswagen owner, this software trickery could significantly affect you. Apart from being deceived that you had bought a clean diesel car, future recalls to reprogram the software might require a visit to your local dealership, which could mean precious time wasted.

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Spinal Cord Injuries

Spinal cord injuries qualify as some of the most dangerous injuries a person can sustain. Spinal cord injuries refer to any injury sustained to the spinal cord (stretching from the neck to the lower back) which results in a temporary or permanent change in the body’s sensory/motor function. These injuries can result from either trauma (such as gunshots and car accidents), or disease (such as polio or spina bifida).

Spinal Cord injuries can result in two types of paralysis: partial paralysis (known as paraplegia), and total paralysis (known as quadriplegia). Paraplegia often results from a thoracic or lumbosacral injury- or an injury occurring at or below thoracic spinal levels- affecting the arms and hands, or at or below the lumbosacral level- affecting the legs and hips. Quadriplegia often results from cervical injuries, or injuries that occur in the area of the spine located in the neck. If it is a “complete” injury, all areas at or below the point of injury are effected.

Louisville personal injury attorneys usually know that an injury of this nature can result in a victim’s life being “dramatically altered, resulting in the need for mobility aids, caretakers, and additional support.” these injuries require extensive hospital treatment and long term medical adjustments which can ultimately be very costly to the victim and their family in more ways than one.

Effects of a spinal cord injury can be permanent and life altering. Unfortunately, in many cases, a spinal cord injury was preventable and occurred due to the carelessness of another. Should you or someone you know be the victim of a preventable accident resulting in a spinal cord injury, you may be entitled to certain damages which can aid in the medical expenses associated with spinal cord injuries.

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Dealing with Insurance Bad Faith

Have you ever had a relationship that you thought you could trust and then, suddenly, they pretend like you don’t even exist or worse – even try to worsen your situation for you because they have delicate information that you had trusted them with that they use against you?

This need not be a situation that is confined to a more romantic setting as these do happen in a more corporate circumstance – such is the case of people who suffer from situations involving insurance bad faith. Unlike a romantic relationship, after all, one that involves you and an insurance company can be taken to court if the latter cheats on the former. And this has happened enough over the years for there to be legal statutes over the matter.

According to the website of lawyers Smith Kendall PLLC, insurance companies are held legally liable to pay claims properly and promptly, as is the agreement between the two parties that has been made in good faith. Should an insurance company withhold such claims without due evidence, reasonable excuses, or justifiable intent – they are subject to legal action from the client who had trusted their services. If the insurance company can be proven to have acted in bad faith either willfully or maliciously, then the policyholder is warranted to receive better compensation than the initial, agreed upon investment.

It can be understandably intimidating to go against a large corporation as insurance companies are often backed by numerous resources and even private lawyers of their own. You needn’t have to, however, as there are insurance lawsuits out there who are dedicated to serving the individual against the threat of being cheated by larger corporations.

If you or someone you know has been unjustifiably and horribly treated by an insurance company by unlawfully withholding claims without proper evidence or reason, then it is of the utmost importance that legal action is sought in order to rectify the situation and you can get the closure and justice that you deserve.

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Determining Fault in Personal Injury Cases

Dealing with any sort of lawsuit can be one of the most stressful situations that anyone has to deal with. It requires patience, diligence, and dedication in the pursuit of justice. However, for those who are directly involved with the case – there can be a lot of pain and hassle involved. This is the case for any kind of lawsuit but one of the more personally difficult ones are those surrounding personal injury, according to the professionals with Abel Law Firm.

Personal injury is a broad term that involves a situation wherein one party was injured due to the (either intentional or malicious) negligence of another party. This definition can, of course, be more complicated than it sounds. This specific kind of lawsuit can branch out into different subsets such as that of premises liability, medical malpractice, motor vehicle accident, et cetera.

For example, if there had been a car accident and the spinal cord of a passenger was injured and the other driver was killed, that already involves three different kinds of subsets of personal injury. If that hypothetical car accident was, say, caused by a construction site – then the fault rests in neither of the drivers. There are a lot of complications that can be involved in personal injury and if you are already suffering from such trauma and so many ordeals, legal action may not always be the priority – when it is legal aid that could very well allow for you to be given the best resources necessary for you to have the most efficient and effective route to recovery.

If you or someone you know has been injured in an accident due to negligence, contact professional help immediately to know the best way to proceed after such a disorientating event.

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Devastation and Injuries Caused by Explosions

There is a scientific law that states that energy cannot be destroyed – only transformed. If you take apart all the bits and bobs that make a watch – all its gears and cogs and wiring – it is still a watch, just with the pieces parted from each other. Nothing about what makes the watch what it is has changed in such a way that it cannot be put back together. Should a watch be subject to a chemical compound and then heated to a maximum amount, there is a probability of there to be a severe reaction.

This is talking of a smaller scale kind of reaction – but these kinds of situations on a grander scale are, unfortunately, possible. Such is what happens during an accident that results in an explosion. Explosions that cause injury and destruction (and in the worst possible scenario, death) are often due to negligence. Chemicals and such things don’t just explode out of their own volition, these are not natural disasters. According to the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ®, these kinds of circumstances that involve explosions can devastate hundreds, possibly thousands, of people – or even entire economies, simply because of the massive scope of the explosion.

Information from the website of Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ® suggests that sometimes these explosions occur as a result of negligence. Failure to properly maintain or inspect hazardous chemicals or materials can trigger a tragic accident; and those that sustained injuries during the explosion are innocent. In these cases, the negligent party should be held responsible.

Think of your skin as parchment; upon an explosion, all of your energy is then converted to ash in the wind and unidentifiable bone. Think of everything you have ever worked for and built; upon an explosion, all of it can turn to unlivable, indistinguishable rubble. These circumstances are more often avoidable and they should have been, were it not for the willful or intentional negligence of a single party or an entire corporation. Either way, there is fault that lies somewhere and it is the duty and right of those negatively affected to seek justice for the consequences dealt unto them.

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